Each type of fungus can typically cause a spectrum of conditions depending on the patient’s immune status and the part of the body affected. For a detailed explanation of the different types of aspergillosis please see the Aspergillus&Aspergillosis website.
Many disease-causing fungi live in rotting matter in the environment (especially leaves/guano) or as a harmless part of the body’s natural flora and only cause infections in immunocompromised patients or when traumatically implanted (i.e. they are opportunistic pathogens).
Watch a lecture about the global burden of fungal diseases.
|Invasive infections||Candidaemia, Candida peritonitis and invasive candidiasis|
Invasive aspergillosis and mucormycosis
Invasive fungal rhinosinusitis
Acute pulmonary histoplasmosis
|Chronic lung or deep tissue infections|| Sinuses: fungal ball and chronic granulomatous |
Eyes: keratitis and
Chronic pulmonary aspergillosis ()
Chronic cavitary pulmonary histoplasmosis
Endemic mycoses: Coccidioidomycosis, Paracoccidioidomycosis and Blastomycosis
|Mucosal Candida infections||Oral|
|Allergic conditions||Occupational lung disease|
and fungal asthma
Allergic fungal rhinosinusitis
|Skin, nails & hair||Dermatology|