Types of fungi & infections

Each type of fungus can typically cause a spectrum of conditions depending on the patient’s immune status and the part of the body affected. For a detailed explanation of the different types of aspergillosis please see the Aspergillus&Aspergillosis website.

Many disease-causing fungi live in rotting matter in the environment (especially leaves/guano) or as a harmless part of the body’s natural flora and only cause infections in immunocompromised patients or when traumatically implanted (i.e. they are opportunistic pathogens).

Watch a lecture about the global burden of fungal diseases.

Invasive infectionsCandidaemia, Candida peritonitis and invasive candidiasis
Cryptococcal meningitis
Pneumocystis pneumonia
Invasive aspergillosis and mucormycosis
Invasive fungal rhinosinusitis
Disseminated histoplasmosis
Acute pulmonary histoplasmosis
Chronic lung or deep tissue infections Sinuses: fungal ball and chronic granulomatous FRS
Eyes: keratitis and endophthalmitis
Chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA)
Chronic cavitary pulmonary histoplasmosis
Endemic mycoses: Coccidioidomycosis, Paracoccidioidomycosis and Blastomycosis
Mycetoma
Mucosal Candida infectionsOral
Oesophageal
Vaginitis
Balanitis (penis)
Allergic conditions Occupational lung disease
ABPA
SAFS and fungal asthma
Thunderstorm asthma
Allergic fungal rhinosinusitis
Skin, nails & hairDermatology
Onychomycosis (nails)
Otomycosis (ears)
Implantation mycoses
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